Samuel and Nancy Alexander Wauchope of Ulster
It is well believed that the vast majority of today's Walkups in the United
States are descended from immigrants Samuel and Nancy Alexander1 Wauchope. Facts are
sketchy, but Samuel was most likely born in
about 1698 and was probably from Strabane, County Tyrone, Ulster (south of
Londonderry). Other versions hold he was born in Carrick-Fergus, Ulster or
in Scotland2. As
tradition holds, three Wauchope brothers from Scotland who served in General Munro's army
settled in the area after the Revolutionary wars (see Pedigree
of the Wauchopes in Donegal3). They have been shown to have
no connection (neither by family tree or Y-DNA testing) to the other known Wauchopes of Ulster or Scotland (including the Walkups of
Massachusetts or the Wauchopes of Niddrie). The Muster Roll of the
Scots Army in Ulster of 1642 afford four real possibilities (i.e., Captain
Robert Wauchope, Private Patricke Wauchope, Private Robert Wauchope, and Captain
James Waghop). One James Wauchope was later found listed in the Hearth
Money Rolls in 1665 and as a tenant in Castlefinn in 1663. Samuel would most likely have been one
of their grandsons then. He is said to
be buried near Lexington, Virginia, having died at about age 90. He had supposedly
moved near his youngest son Arthur. Another account says he remained in Pennsylvania. His wife, Nancy Agnes Alexander, was said to be
of French Huguenot stock and born in about 1702. She either was from Carrick-Fergus
and/or they left from there in 1724. Another version states they were
married in Scotland. Reports indicate they first settled
in Pennsylvania. On to their purported (i.e., not
- Joseph5 (alternately found listed
in official records as Vachub, Wahob, Wacob, Vauchob, Wachob, Waughope, Waughub,
Wauchut, Waughup, Warhop, Vohub, Wacheb, Wahub, Vahub), the first son, was reportedly born in Ulster
in 1719. He died on Feb. 6, 1787, in Rockbridge
County, Virginia. He was said to have married Rebecca Jane Graham, daughter of
Christopher Graham, in about 1740. These Grahams are known to have
come from Canonbie, Dumfriesshire, Scotland (just southeast of the Wauchope
east of the former village of Waughslee). It follows these Wauchopes likely
came from that vicinity as well, and took their surname from this ancient placename. They settled at the Calf Pasture in 1754 near the border of Rockbridge
County and Augusta County, Virginia (Calf Pasture or Rocky
Spring Settlement, Augusta County, founded in 1746). By 1761 he owned three
pieces of property in the settlement totaling 931 acres. In 1768, Joseph, wife
Rebecca, and grown sons Christopher5 and Robert went to Greenbrier County,
(West) Virginia. This was shortly after the end of the French and
Indian War in 1763. [Note: The John reported as a son of Samuel and Nancy who
married Margaret Fulton Blair was actually the above Joseph's son.]
- James Alexander, the second son, was born on
November 15, 1724, traditionally on the ship to
America. The John Caldwell (a Presbyterian minister) party reportedly landed in New
Castle, Delaware (then Pennsylvania) during the Fall season of 1727. In
about 1743, John Caldwell founded the Cub Creek Church in
Charlotte County, Virginia. James, who came to own land there in 1747, moved on to
the Waxhaw Settlement near the border of North and South Carolina in 1752.
James married Margaret Nancy Pickens, daughter of Cub
Creek's Israel Pickens, in 1756 or 1757. She was born in 1740 and died on
December 22, 1793. James was a noted captain in the Revolutionary war. He died
on February 1, 1798. His original headstone
has a shield
with a wheat garb on it, which would lead one to believe that the Samuel and
Nancy Wauchope line of the USA is indeed of the Niddrie Wauchopes. DNA
testing shows they are not, via the male line anyway.
- Elizabeth was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, in
about 1725. She married George McWhorter Sr. and lived at the Waxhaw Settlement.
- Margaret (Mary) was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania,
in about 1727. She married
William Gay 2nd (he died in 1755) and settled at the Calf Pasture. His
father, William Gay 1st, fought at the siege of Londonderry, Ulster. She
married her second husband, William Hamilton, in 1757.
- Florence was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, in
1730. She married John Graham and settled at the Calf Pasture. He was the
brother of Rebecca Graham above.
- Arthur, the last son, was born in Lancaster County,
Pennsylvania, in 1734. Or he was born in Ireland (likely Ulster) between
1740 and 1750, according to census records (if this is the same Arthur). He died in
1834. He first married Elizabeth Lockbridge. He then married Esther Mackey on
August 8, 1797, who was born in about 1776. He had children with both spouses.
Arthur early owned a farm along the Cowpasture River and later settled near Lexington, Virginia. His property
there was where the legendary
Virginia Military Institute now stands. He is also
thought to have been connected to an Andrew and a William Wauchope.
1. Of interest to many Walkups of this line, in some posted family trees Nancy is demonstrated to be a direct
descendant of famed Scottish King Robert the Bruce.
2. Being born in Scotland is not out of the realm of possibility, as it
was not uncommon for some Ulster emigrants to return to or visit their remaining
kin back in Scotland. Intriguingly in May 2019 , while perusing a
mid-1600s map of Dumfriesshire on-line, the author noted the existence of the
now long gone hamlet of Carrick, just a few miles north of the Wauchope Water
and a few miles west of Wolfhope Burn. The author strongly believes that
Wolf is merely another variation of Waugh, much like Waff is known to be.
Note that there are similarly named features in Roxburghshire within close
proximity to each other as well. This begs the question to the author...
Could it be that this Carrick of Dumfriesshire is actually the ancient home of
this line of Wauchopes?
3. In possible substantiation, the estate of Joseph's eldest son,
Matthew, mentions a bond on Charles Vachub of Ireland. About this time
there was living one Charles Wachob, son of Samuel Waughob of County Tyrone.
4. DNA test results
Joseph, James and Arthur do share a common male Wauchope ancestor that is from the E1b1b1a1b (E-V13) haplogroup.
5. Ancestor of Bruce E. Walkup.
Copyright 1999-2019 Bruce E. Walkup.
All Rights Reserved.
This page last updated May 21, 2019